Thai is a tonal language and sentence formation is different from European language groups. It has almost no grammar and is not tied multitude of different rules, as other languages. Thai has its own alphabet and custom font, which has its origin in India. It has 4 dialects, northern dialect, northeastern, Central and South. Literary Thai is based on the dialect of the central area of Bangkok. Thai has 44 consonants, 15 characters vowels, that combination can express at least twenty-eight vowels and 4 tone symbols. Script is written from left to right, consonants are written in row, while vowels can be written under, above, right and left into related consonants. There are Arabic numerals commonly used in Thailand, however, numbers can be also expressed with Thai script. Scripture is not true alphabet, because the characters vowels can carry also vowel sounds, as sounding “A” or “O”. The words in the sentence are written together without spaces. Individual sentences are then separated by space and not the dot as in English. Thai language does not know symbols such as exclamation and question mark, as highlighting sentences and the question is expressed by specific word. Thai has 5 Tones – medium, high, low, falling and rising.
It is not difficult to learn Thai, due to the very simple grammar. The biggest problem for English speakers are just the tones. One of the same word pronounced with different tones can have several different meanings. Therefore, you must take great care to pronounce tones correctly. There are a number of educational programs for self-study either in book form, or CD, DVD, on the web or as an apps for Android or iPhone. As the best program for learning Thai for self-study program I would recommend “Thai Pod” created by the experienced company Innovative Language. This program uses modern methods of memorizing script and words, and very effective video learning for much better understanding of the language, to ensure the fastest and simplest way to move learned words from short term memory to long term memory. Learning is therefore highly effective. Also this program teaches the words, which are most used, so the student only learn those which he can use in normal daily conversation. More information about the program and its purchase at the reasonable price is available at the following link:
Another very helpful method, I can also highly recommend is the e-book Thai in 1 day. This publication helped me personally to learn Thai alphabet quickly. Book uses mnemonics to remember alphabet faster. The price is very reasonable. Ebook can be downloaded here. Author provides a money back guarantee if you are not satisfied with the book as well.
It is very difficult to translate Thai language with electronic or online translators. Especialy difficult are translations from Thai to English, when you need to know also the context. For example online translator from Google is possible to use only for translations from English to Thai but for translation from Thai to English it is almost useless and it translates complete nonsense. For the correct translations from Thai to English I can recommend you only following two online translators: